Hyperpigmentation and Melasma

What Is Hyperpigmentation and Melasma?

Hyperpigmentation and melasma are common skin conditions which generally affect the face. While hyperpigmentation and melasma are similar dermatological skin conditions, as they cause an increase in the pigmentation of the skin, there are some differences.

  • Hyperpigmentation typically appears as dark spots on the any area of the skin.
  • Melasma appears as brown or grayish-brown marks only on the face. Melasma is more prevalent in women than in men.
  • Both of these conditions result from melanin pigment found in the skin.

While melasma can occur in all skin types, it is most common in women with darker skin. Melasma is commonly known as the “mask of pregnancy.” Women between the ages of 21 and 40 years are often afflicted with the dark spots appearing on the chin, cheeks, forehead, and nose.

Hyperpigmentation and melasma can be effectively treated by BAXT CosMedical®’s board certified dermatologists, Drs. Saida Baxt and Rebecca Baxt.

What Causes Hyperpigmentation and Melasma?

The exact causes of melasma are largely unknown. But the common factors of melasma include:

  • Pregnancy
  • Use of oral contraceptives
  • Hormone replacement (estrogen and progesterone) therapies
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Family history (genetics)
  • Sun exposure

Hyperpigmentation of the face is one of the most common skin conditions treated by dermatologists. Hyperpigmentation can affect any area of the body exposed to the sun causing freckles or brown spots commonly called: age spots, liver spots, or spots. Some of the causes of pigmentation problems include:

  • Sun overexposure
  • Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation due to acne or any type of rash

The good news is that hyperpigmentation can be treated to restore your facial skin to a more healthy, renewed, and vibrant state.

How Is Hyperpigmentation and Melasma Treated at BAXT CosMedica®l and What Results Can You Expect?

At BAXT CosMedical®, our board certified dermatologists successfully treat hyperpigmentation and melasma. Most of our patients are on multimodal treatment protocols including:

  • Strict sun avoidance, as well as topical medical grade bleaching creams.
  • Chemical peels may be prescribed to treat spots.

Advanced laser and light source treatments may also be recommended as follows:

Fraxel® Dual Laser Treatments works well to treat a variety of spots.
Fraxel® Dual Laser Treatments Before & After Photos
*Actual patients. Results may vary and are not guaranteed.
Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) (Photorejuvenation) dramatically reduces the signs of sun damage.
Intense Pulsed Light  Before & After Photos
*Actual patients. Results may vary and are not guaranteed.
V Beam Perfecta (Pulsed Dye Laser) works great to treat individual sun damage brown spots.
V Beam Perfecta Before & After Photos
*Actual patients. Results may vary and are not guaranteed.

Clear + Brilliant™ Laser – is a gentle laser that refreshes your skin by replacing damaged kin with healthy, younger looking skin tissue.

Our board certified dermatologists will create a treatment program that works for you and your specific skin pigmentation problem. Call today, 201-740-4442 to schedule a personalized appointment to discuss your specific skin rejuvenation goals.


Contact Information

Please contact us via email for a prompt response from our office. Call us for an appointment today at (201) 265-1300. You can see our great before and after photo gallery here.


American Academy of Dermatology American Society for Laser Medicine & Surgery American Society for Dermatologic Surgery
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